A quantum mechanical theory that is used to describe the interactions of atoms is not a real one, according to a new study.
The results are based on an experiment that used an atom as a sample to simulate the motion of an atom, and the results are consistent with quantum mechanics.
The work builds on a previous paper by physicist Stephen Hawking and colleagues, which used the same experiment to demonstrate that the universe could be described by quantum mechanics with no “wrong” answer.
The new paper, published in the Journal of Physical Review Letters, found that the quantum mechanics of atoms cannot be explained by any of the usual theories of quantum mechanics or with any known fundamental properties.
Instead, it shows that the atoms have a very different property that does not fit with the usual picture of a classical quantum field.
The team used a superconducting electron, known as a qubit, to simulate a classical atom and measured its properties at two different times.
The experiment was run on a machine that had a clock mechanism, which is the same thing as a magnet.
The researchers were able to make an observation of the motion and the way it was represented by the quantum field in the clock mechanism.
They found that, in a particular experiment, the quantum physics was not the same in both the clock and the classical world.
“It is the quantum nature of the quantum phenomenon that is the difference,” Hawking said.
“If you can’t explain the nature of a quantum phenomenon with a classical one, you cannot explain the classical phenomena that do.”
The team of researchers says that, while the results were consistent with the classical universe, they are not consistent with a quantum universe, either.
“Our results provide no support for the idea that quantum phenomena exist in classical or even in the ‘universe of quantum theory’,” the researchers wrote.
Instead, they suggest that the classical-to-quantum phenomenon may exist in the quantum universe because of its peculiar quantum properties.
“The quantum phenomenon we observed is not the quantum properties of the classical electron but rather the properties of an unknown quantum field,” they wrote.
“In our view, these quantum properties are not present in the classical classical field because they are absent from the quantum quantum model of the electron.”
That observation, the team said, means that the “universe” of quantum phenomena is not an “universally observable” universe.
Instead of a non-intuitive explanation, the researchers say that, to understand the properties, we must go beyond classical mechanics.
“We don’t know how the classical field arises,” the team wrote.
The research was funded by the National Science Foundation and was led by researchers from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, the University at Buffalo, and Georgia Tech.